By Akpobor Jirue, Abuja
The Federal Government has said it will require about $400 billion over the next 30 years to achieve net-zero energy transition.
President Mohammadu Buhari disclosed this while speaking at a high-level dialogue on Energy on the sidelines of the 76th United Nations General Assembly in New York, on Friday.
Buhari stated that the move was in line with the country’s role as a global theme champion for the energy transition.
A statement signed by the President’s spokesman, Mr Femi Adesina, said Buhari told the forum that Nigeria was working on an ambitious energy plan towards reducing the energy shortcomings by year 2030.
He was quoted as saying that the scale of financing required for Nigeria to achieve net-zero, amounts to over US$ 400 billion across the Nigerian economy in excess of business-as-usual spending over the next 30 years.
According to Adesina, the President said, “This breaks down to US$ 155 billion net spend on generation capacity, US$ 135 billion on transmission and distribution infrastructure, US$ 75 billion on buildings, US$ 21 billion on industry and US$ 12 billion on transport.”
The president, however, said that gas would continue to have a big role to play before it is phased out, explaining that solid fuel cooking is still wreaking havoc in Africa:
“As a global leader on the energy transition, it is imperative that I flag a major risk to development that stems from the current narrative around the energy transition, particularly on the role of gas and the lack of financing.
“Nigeria’s Energy Transition Plan has laid out our roadmap to reach net-zero and highlights the scale of the effort required, which includes the development and integration of renewables into current grid infrastructure at tremendous scale and electrification of all sectors.
“This is challenging for any country, especially a developing country. On our development objectives, gas will have a key role to play here for some years before being phased out,” he said.
Buhari noted that these plans must also take into account, the provision of access to electricity and clean cooking solutions for those in Nigeria and around the world currently without access.
According to him, an often-overlooked point is the essential role of gas in addressing clean cooking challenges.
“Globally there are 2.6 billion people who lack access to clean cooking – which is unacceptable.
“Even more concerning is that solid fuel cooking in Africa causes almost 490,000 premature deaths annually, making it the second largest health risk in Africa,’’ he further maintained.
On the Nigeria’s commitment to the global energy transition, he said: “Nigeria’s commitment to a just transition is reflected in our ambitious Energy Compact, which includes the Government’s flagship project to electrify five million households and twenty million people using decentralized solar energy solutions.
“This is a major first step towards closing our energy access deficit by 2030.
“Nigeria’s commitment is also reflected in the development of our Energy Transition Plan, which was developed with support of the UK COP26 Energy Transition Council.”
The Nigerian leader called for support from developed countries to unlock the financing needed to accelerate a just energy transition for all.
“The focus of our discussions on transition must now evolve how we help countries develop detailed energy transition plans and commitments to mobilize enough financing to empower countries to implement those plans,” he said.